The humble baigan is usually the last on our vegetable shopping list. Change that mind set, this beautiful purple vegetable is a treasure trove of nutrients that will help you stay healthy. It is loaded with antioxidants, phytonutrients, phenolic compounds and flavonoids, is low calories, and contains lots of fiber and water content. The rich purple colour is an indication of the anthocyanins present in the vegetable, of which a rare and extremely beneficial one is Nasunin. This is a chief contributor to fighting free radical damage to the body – the cause that leads to the development of diseases and ageing. Nasunin was also found to have a protective effect on the DNA and cell membrane against oxidative stress.
You should also eat baigan for the 13 types of phenolic acids that help fight cancer. Chlorogenic acid is very beneficial against cancer tumour growth, and has anti-viral and anti-microbial properties. Research has found eggplant to have potent cardio protective compounds too. It also helps in digestive health because of its water and fiber content.